What Will Bitcoin Difficulty Adjustment Mean For BTC Prices?

Bitcoin Difficulty going down for the second time.

In a matter of hours bitcoin's difficulty factor will go down for the second time in as many sessions.
https://cryptanalys.is/difficulty/bitcoin_btc.php
The reason behind this would seem to have to do with supply and demand. Obviously the price of bitcoin has been going down most of the year. The effect it seems is that new minors are not coming into the ecosystem.
Unless you're a hobbyist, or somehow have some great discounts on mining equipment, you're probably not mining now. It's getting harder to make money mining at this time. You would be better off saving the money as bitcoin and waiting for it to appreciate.
submitted by vlarocca to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Question - Formula for bitcoin mining profitability that factors increasing difficulty over time

Hi guys,
I'm making some basic trackers in Google Sheets for my cloud mining earnings. A profitability calc that factors in cloud mining fees and, ideally - difficulty increases.
My question is what is this formula, and what data does it need - to modify Bitcoin produced over the next 12 months assuming that the difficulty steadily increases at a rate comparable to the past 12 months (~478% / ~1.3% daily). What is the formula that allows for a sliding scale over time?
Say I was trying to figure out where 7.73TH/s would get me at: D1 W1 M1 M2, 3, 4, 5 etc. Y1
Any help is much appreciated, cheers.
submitted by arrpeekay to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Factor Overcomes 500,000,000,000

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Factor Overcomes 500,000,000,000 submitted by chioane to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Factor Overcomes 500,000,000,000

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Factor Overcomes 500,000,000,000 submitted by chioane to btc [link] [comments]

Question - Formula for bitcoin mining profitability that factors increasing difficulty over time /r/BitcoinMining

Question - Formula for bitcoin mining profitability that factors increasing difficulty over time /BitcoinMining submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Factor Overcomes 500,000,000,000

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Factor Overcomes 500,000,000,000 submitted by direscu to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Mining • Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Factor Overcomes 500,000,000,000

submitted by btcforumbot to BtcForum [link] [comments]

Blocksize cap should've scaled from the beginning. Which becomes a factor of difficulty, a cost of doing business. The longer we wait to get it settled, the more likely those that didn't need to factor it in (miners) will reject it. It needs to go over their heads if they can't agree. /r/Bitcoin

Blocksize cap should've scaled from the beginning. Which becomes a factor of difficulty, a cost of doing business. The longer we wait to get it settled, the more likely those that didn't need to factor it in (miners) will reject it. It needs to go over their heads if they can't agree. /Bitcoin submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Launched 0% Fee crypto exchange regulated in Bahrain for the Community

We just recently launched a 0% trading fee crypto exchange that is regulated under the Central Bank of Bahrain (CBB) (https://www.coindesk.com/fasset-to-launch-zero-trade-fee-crypto-trading-platform-for-gulf-regio). Why? Because we want to democratize access to cryptocurrencies to the masses in an affordable and simple way. We're a bunch of crypto/blockchain enthusiasts that has experienced first-hand the difficulty in acquiring Bitcoin in the Gulf region. It is relatively expensive to get crypto here (notable exchanges in the region can charge between 1.5% to 4% for every crypto purchase!) and the user experience could really be a lot better.
A major contributing factor is that there is little competition here relative to other countries, the Gulf has a much smaller concentration of crypto exchanges due to the difficulty in attaining a license to operate. We believe the more competitors there are in the space, the better it will be for end users. That's why we've built this exchange.We've just launched the private beta in order to enable the first few users to navigate the platform and give us feedback so that we can continually make changes and improve the user experience. If you're interested, do sign up here: https://fasset.exchange/
Feel free to share your thoughts!
submitted by InTheLoop23 to Bahrain [link] [comments]

How EpiK Protocol “Saved the Miners” from Filecoin with the E2P Storage Model?

How EpiK Protocol “Saved the Miners” from Filecoin with the E2P Storage Model?

https://preview.redd.it/n5jzxozn27v51.png?width=2222&format=png&auto=webp&s=6cd6bd726582bbe2c595e1e467aeb3fc8aabe36f
On October 20, Eric Yao, Head of EpiK China, and Leo, Co-Founder & CTO of EpiK, visited Deep Chain Online Salon, and discussed “How EpiK saved the miners eliminated by Filecoin by launching E2P storage model”. ‘?” The following is a transcript of the sharing.
Sharing Session
Eric: Hello, everyone, I’m Eric, graduated from School of Information Science, Tsinghua University. My Master’s research was on data storage and big data computing, and I published a number of industry top conference papers.
Since 2013, I have invested in Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Dogcoin, EOS and other well-known blockchain projects, and have been settling in the chain circle as an early technology-based investor and industry observer with 2 years of blockchain experience. I am also a blockchain community initiator and technology evangelist
Leo: Hi, I’m Leo, I’m the CTO of EpiK. Before I got involved in founding EpiK, I spent 3 to 4 years working on blockchain, public chain, wallets, browsers, decentralized exchanges, task distribution platforms, smart contracts, etc., and I’ve made some great products. EpiK is an answer to the question we’ve been asking for years about how blockchain should be landed, and we hope that EpiK is fortunate enough to be an answer for you as well.
Q & A
Deep Chain Finance:
First of all, let me ask Eric, on October 15, Filecoin’s main website launched, which aroused everyone’s attention, but at the same time, the calls for fork within Filecoin never stopped. The EpiK protocol is one of them. What I want to know is, what kind of project is EpiK Protocol? For what reason did you choose to fork in the first place? What are the differences between the forked project and Filecoin itself?
Eric:
First of all, let me answer the first question, what kind of project is EpiK Protocol.
With the Fourth Industrial Revolution already upon us, comprehensive intelligence is one of the core goals of this stage, and the key to comprehensive intelligence is how to make machines understand what humans know and learn new knowledge based on what they already know. And the knowledge graph scale is a key step towards full intelligence.
In order to solve the many challenges of building large-scale knowledge graphs, the EpiK Protocol was born. EpiK Protocol is a decentralized, hyper-scale knowledge graph that organizes and incentivizes knowledge through decentralized storage technology, decentralized autonomous organizations, and generalized economic models. Members of the global community will expand the horizons of artificial intelligence into a smarter future by organizing all areas of human knowledge into a knowledge map that will be shared and continuously updated for the eternal knowledge vault of humanity
And then, for what reason was the fork chosen in the first place?
EpiK’s project founders are all senior blockchain industry practitioners and have been closely following the industry development and application scenarios, among which decentralized storage is a very fresh application scenario.
However, in the development process of Filecoin, the team found that due to some design mechanisms and historical reasons, the team found that Filecoin had some deviations from the original intention of the project at that time, such as the overly harsh penalty mechanism triggered by the threat to weaken security, and the emergence of the computing power competition leading to the emergence of computing power monopoly by large miners, thus monopolizing the packaging rights, which can be brushed with computing power by uploading useless data themselves.
The emergence of these problems will cause the data environment on Filecoin to get worse and worse, which will lead to the lack of real value of the data in the chain, high data redundancy, and the difficulty of commercializing the project to land.
After paying attention to the above problems, the project owner proposes to introduce multi-party roles and a decentralized collaboration platform DAO to ensure the high value of the data on the chain through a reasonable economic model and incentive mechanism, and store the high-value data: knowledge graph on the blockchain through decentralized storage, so that the lack of value of the data on the chain and the monopoly of large miners’ computing power can be solved to a large extent.
Finally, what differences exist between the forked project and Filecoin itself?
On the basis of the above-mentioned issues, EpiK’s design is very different from Filecoin, first of all, EpiK is more focused in terms of business model, and it faces a different market and track from the cloud storage market where Filecoin is located because decentralized storage has no advantage over professional centralized cloud storage in terms of storage cost and user experience.
EpiK focuses on building a decentralized knowledge graph, which reduces data redundancy and safeguards the value of data in the distributed storage chain while preventing the knowledge graph from being tampered with by a few people, thus making the commercialization of the entire project reasonable and feasible.
From the perspective of ecological construction, EpiK treats miners more friendly and solves the pain point of Filecoin to a large extent, firstly, it changes the storage collateral and commitment collateral of Filecoin to one-time collateral.
Miners participating in EpiK Protocol are only required to pledge 1000 EPK per miner, and only once before mining, not in each sector.
What is the concept of 1000 EPKs, you only need to participate in pre-mining for about 50 days to get this portion of the tokens used for pledging. The EPK pre-mining campaign is currently underway, and it runs from early September to December, with a daily release of 50,000 ERC-20 standard EPKs, and the pre-mining nodes whose applications are approved will divide these tokens according to the mining ratio of the day, and these tokens can be exchanged 1:1 directly after they are launched on the main network. This move will continue to expand the number of miners eligible to participate in EPK mining.
Secondly, EpiK has a more lenient penalty mechanism, which is different from Filecoin’s official consensus, storage and contract penalties, because the protocol can only be uploaded by field experts, which is the “Expert to Person” mode. Every miner needs to be backed up, which means that if one or more miners are offline in the network, it will not have much impact on the network, and the miner who fails to upload the proof of time and space in time due to being offline will only be forfeited by the authorities for the effective computing power of this sector, not forfeiting the pledged coins.
If the miner can re-submit the proof of time and space within 28 days, he will regain the power.
Unlike Filecoin’s 32GB sectors, EpiK’s encapsulated sectors are smaller, only 8M each, which will solve Filecoin’s sector space wastage problem to a great extent, and all miners have the opportunity to complete the fast encapsulation, which is very friendly to miners with small computing power.
The data and quality constraints will also ensure that the effective computing power gap between large and small miners will not be closed.
Finally, unlike Filecoin’s P2P data uploading model, EpiK changes the data uploading and maintenance to E2P uploading, that is, field experts upload and ensure the quality and value of the data on the chain, and at the same time introduce the game relationship between data storage roles and data generation roles through a rational economic model to ensure the stability of the whole system and the continuous high-quality output of the data on the chain.
Deep Chain Finance:
Eric, on the eve of Filecoin’s mainline launch, issues such as Filecoin’s pre-collateral have aroused a lot of controversy among the miners. In your opinion, what kind of impact will Filecoin bring to itself and the whole distributed storage ecosystem after it launches? Do you think that the current confusing FIL prices are reasonable and what should be the normal price of FIL?
Eric:
Filecoin mainnet has launched and many potential problems have been exposed, such as the aforementioned high pre-security problem, the storage resource waste and computing power monopoly caused by unreasonable sector encapsulation, and the harsh penalty mechanism, etc. These problems are quite serious, and will greatly affect the development of Filecoin ecology.
These problems are relatively serious, and will greatly affect the development of Filecoin ecology, here are two examples to illustrate. For example, the problem of big miners computing power monopoly, now after the big miners have monopolized computing power, there will be a very delicate state — — the miners save a file data with ordinary users. There is no way to verify this matter in the chain, whether what he saved is uploaded by himself or someone else. And after the big miners have monopolized computing power, there will be a very delicate state — — the miners will save a file data with ordinary users, there is no way to verify this matter in the chain, whether what he saved is uploaded by himself or someone else. Because I can fake another identity to upload data for myself, but that leads to the fact that for any miner I go to choose which data to save. I have only one goal, and that is to brush my computing power and how fast I can brush my computing power.
There is no difference between saving other people’s data and saving my own data in the matter of computing power. When I save someone else’s data, I don’t know that data. Somewhere in the world, the bandwidth quality between me and him may not be good enough.
The best option is to store my own local data, which makes sense, and that results in no one being able to store data on the chain at all. They only store their own data, because it’s the most economical for them, and the network has essentially no storage utility, no one is providing storage for the masses of retail users.
The harsh penalty mechanism will also severely deplete the miner’s profits, because DDOS attacks are actually a very common attack technique for the attacker, and for a big miner, he can get a very high profit in a short period of time if he attacks other customers, and this thing is a profitable thing for all big miners.
Now as far as the status quo is concerned, the vast majority of miners are actually not very well maintained, so they are not very well protected against these low-DDOS attacks. So the penalty regime is grim for them.
The contradiction between the unreasonable system and the demand will inevitably lead to the evolution of the system in a more reasonable direction, so there will be many forked projects that are more reasonable in terms of mechanism, thus attracting Filecoin miners and a diversion of storage power.
Since each project is in the field of decentralized storage track, the demand for miners is similar or even compatible with each other, so miners will tend to fork the projects with better economic benefits and business scenarios, so as to filter out the projects with real value on the ground.
For the chaotic FIL price, because FIL is also a project that has gone through several years, carrying too many expectations, so it can only be said that the current situation has its own reasons for existence. As for the reasonable price of FIL there is no way to make a prediction because in the long run, it is necessary to consider the commercialization of the project to land and the value of the actual chain of data. In other words, we need to keep observing whether Filecoin will become a game of computing power or a real value carrier.
Deep Chain Finance:
Leo, we just mentioned that the pre-collateral issue of Filecoin caused the dissatisfaction of miners, and after Filecoin launches on the main website, the second round of space race test coins were directly turned into real coins, and the official selling of FIL hit the market phenomenon, so many miners said they were betrayed. What I want to know is, EpiK’s main motto is “save the miners eliminated by Filecoin”, how to deal with the various problems of Filecoin, and how will EpiK achieve “save”?
Leo:
Originally Filecoin’s tacit approval of the computing power makeup behavior was to declare that the official directly chose to abandon the small miners. And this test coin turned real coin also hurt the interests of the loyal big miners in one cut, we do not know why these low-level problems, we can only regret.
EpiK didn’t do it to fork Filecoin, but because EpiK to build a shared knowledge graph ecology, had to integrate decentralized storage in, so the most hardcore Filecoin’s PoRep and PoSt decentralized verification technology was chosen. In order to ensure the quality of knowledge graph data, EpiK only allows community-voted field experts to upload data, so EpiK naturally prevents miners from making up computing power, and there is no reason for the data that has no value to take up such an expensive decentralized storage resource.
With the inability to make up computing power, the difference between big miners and small miners is minimal when the amount of knowledge graph data is small.
We can’t say that we can save the big miners, but we are definitely the optimal choice for the small miners who are currently in the market to be eliminated by Filecoin.
Deep Chain Finance:
Let me ask Eric: According to EpiK protocol, EpiK adopts the E2P model, which allows only experts in the field who are voted to upload their data. This is very different from Filecoin’s P2P model, which allows individuals to upload data as they wish. In your opinion, what are the advantages of the E2P model? If only voted experts can upload data, does that mean that the EpiK protocol is not available to everyone?
Eric:
First, let me explain the advantages of the E2P model over the P2P model.
There are five roles in the DAO ecosystem: miner, coin holder, field expert, bounty hunter and gateway. These five roles allocate the EPKs generated every day when the main network is launched.
The miner owns 75% of the EPKs, the field expert owns 9% of the EPKs, and the voting user shares 1% of the EPKs.
The other 15% of the EPK will fluctuate based on the daily traffic to the network, and the 15% is partly a game between the miner and the field expert.
The first describes the relationship between the two roles.
The first group of field experts are selected by the Foundation, who cover different areas of knowledge (a wide range of knowledge here, including not only serious subjects, but also home, food, travel, etc.) This group of field experts can recommend the next group of field experts, and the recommended experts only need to get 100,000 EPK votes to become field experts.
The field expert’s role is to submit high-quality data to the miner, who is responsible for encapsulating this data into blocks.
Network activity is judged by the amount of EPKs pledged by the entire network for daily traffic (1 EPK = 10 MB/day), with a higher percentage indicating higher data demand, which requires the miner to increase bandwidth quality.
If the data demand decreases, this requires field experts to provide higher quality data. This is similar to a library with more visitors needing more seats, i.e., paying the miner to upgrade the bandwidth.
When there are fewer visitors, more money is needed to buy better quality books to attract visitors, i.e., money for bounty hunters and field experts to generate more quality knowledge graph data. The game between miners and field experts is the most important game in the ecosystem, unlike the game between the authorities and big miners in the Filecoin ecosystem.
The game relationship between data producers and data storers and a more rational economic model will inevitably lead to an E2P model that generates stored on-chain data of much higher quality than the P2P model, and the quality of bandwidth for data access will be better than the P2P model, resulting in greater business value and better landing scenarios.
I will then answer the question of whether this means that the EpiK protocol will not be universally accessible to all.
The E2P model only qualifies the quality of the data generated and stored, not the roles in the ecosystem; on the contrary, with the introduction of the DAO model, the variety of roles introduced in the EpiK ecosystem (which includes the roles of ordinary people) is not limited. (Bounty hunters who can be competent in their tasks) gives roles and possibilities for how everyone can participate in the system in a more logical way.
For example, a miner with computing power can provide storage, a person with a certain domain knowledge can apply to become an expert (this includes history, technology, travel, comics, food, etc.), and a person willing to mark and correct data can become a bounty hunter.
The presence of various efficient support tools from the project owner will lower the barriers to entry for various roles, thus allowing different people to do their part in the system and together contribute to the ongoing generation of a high-quality decentralized knowledge graph.
Deep Chain Finance:
Leo, some time ago, EpiK released a white paper and an economy whitepaper, explaining the EpiK concept from the perspective of technology and economy model respectively. What I would like to ask is, what are the shortcomings of the current distributed storage projects, and how will EpiK protocol be improved?
Leo:
Distributed storage can easily be misunderstood as those of Ali’s OceanDB, but in the field of blockchain, we should focus on decentralized storage first.
There is a big problem with the decentralized storage on the market now, which is “why not eat meat porridge”.
How to understand it? Decentralized storage is cheaper than centralized storage because of its technical principle, and if it is, the centralized storage is too rubbish for comparison.
What incentive does the average user have to spend more money on decentralized storage to store data?
Is it safer?
Existence miners can shut down at any time on decentralized storage by no means save a share of security in Ariadne and Amazon each.
More private?
There’s no difference between encrypted presence on decentralized storage and encrypted presence on Amazon.
Faster?
The 10,000 gigabytes of bandwidth in decentralized storage simply doesn’t compare to the fiber in a centralized server room. This is the root problem of the business model, no one is using it, no one is buying it, so what’s the big vision.
The goal of EpiK is to guide all community participants in the co-construction and sharing of field knowledge graph data, which is the best way for robots to understand human knowledge, and the more knowledge graph data there is, the more knowledge a robot has, the more intelligent it is exponentially, i.e., EpiK uses decentralized storage technology. The value of exponentially growing data is captured with linearly growing hardware costs, and that’s where the buy-in for EPK comes in.
Organized data is worth a lot more than organized hard drives, and there is a demand for EPK when robots have the need for intelligence.
Deep Chain Finance:
Let me ask Leo, how many forked projects does Filecoin have so far, roughly? Do you think there will be more or less waves of fork after the mainnet launches? Have the requirements of the miners at large changed when it comes to participation?
Leo:
We don’t have specific statistics, now that the main network launches, we feel that forking projects will increase, there are so many restricted miners in the market that they need to be organized efficiently.
However, we currently see that most forked projects are simply modifying the parameters of Filecoin’s economy model, which is undesirable, and this level of modification can’t change the status quo of miners making up computing power, and the change to the market is just to make some of the big miners feel more comfortable digging up, which won’t help to promote the decentralized storage ecology to land.
We need more reasonable landing scenarios so that idle mining resources can be turned into effective productivity, pitching a 100x coin instead of committing to one Fomo sentiment after another.
Deep Chain Finance:
How far along is the EpiK Protocol project, Eric? What other big moves are coming in the near future?
Eric:
The development of the EpiK Protocol is divided into 5 major phases.
(a) Phase I testing of the network “Obelisk”.
Phase II Main Network 1.0 “Rosetta”.
Phase III Main Network 2.0 “Hammurabi”.
(a) The Phase IV Enrichment Knowledge Mapping Toolkit.
The fifth stage is to enrich the knowledge graph application ecology.
Currently in the first phase of testing network “Obelisk”, anyone can sign up to participate in the test network pre-mining test to obtain ERC20 EPK tokens, after the mainnet exchange on a one-to-one basis.
We have recently launched ERC20 EPK on Uniswap, you can buy and sell it freely on Uniswap or download our EpiK mobile wallet.
In addition, we will soon launch the EpiK Bounty platform, and welcome all community members to do tasks together to build the EpiK community. At the same time, we are also pushing forward the centralized exchange for token listing.
Users’ Questions
User 1:
Some KOLs said, Filecoin consumed its value in the next few years, so it will plunge, what do you think?
Eric:
First of all, the judgment of the market is to correspond to the cycle, not optimistic about the FIL first judgment to do is not optimistic about the economic model of the project, or not optimistic about the distributed storage track.
First of all, we are very confident in the distributed storage track and will certainly face a process of growth and decline, so as to make a choice for a better project.
Since the existing group of miners and the computing power already produced is fixed, and since EpiK miners and FIL miners are compatible, anytime miners will also make a choice for more promising and economically viable projects.
Filecoin consumes the value of the next few years this time, so it will plunge.
Regarding the market issues, the plunge is not a prediction, in the industry or to keep learning iteration and value judgment. Because up and down market sentiment is one aspect, there will be more very important factors. For example, the big washout in March this year, so it can only be said that it will slow down the development of the FIL community. But prices are indeed unpredictable.
User2:
Actually, in the end, if there are no applications and no one really uploads data, the market value will drop, so what are the landing applications of EpiK?
Leo: The best and most direct application of EpiK’s knowledge graph is the question and answer system, which can be an intelligent legal advisor, an intelligent medical advisor, an intelligent chef, an intelligent tour guide, an intelligent game strategy, and so on.
submitted by EpiK-Protocol to u/EpiK-Protocol [link] [comments]

How is the stability of the PYRK network achieved?

How is the stability of the PYRK network achieved?
⚖️ Stability in PYRK is ensured through the use of a triple PoW algorithm. The idea of ​​a multi-algorithm originated in Digibyte. Splitting the mining into three different algorithms effectively splits the amount of work performed by each algorithm to 33% of the total network hash rate.
🔹 The triple consensus algorithm in PYRK includes SHA256, Scrypt, and X11. Each of these algorithms has been selected for their reliability and security performance.
🔹 With this solution, any pool or miner mining can only achieve 33% of the total hash rate even if they are mining 100% of the hash rate of a single algorithm. It is an exceedingly unlikely case that a single miner attains 100% of the hash rate of a single algorithm.
🔹 The triple algorithm approach helps to further protect the network from bad actors while also providing the preferred Proof-of-Work mechanism.
🛡 Multishield is another factor for network stability. In order to maintain an "average" block timing, blockchains such as Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Pyrk all use different methods of "difficulty retargeting". The idea is that as there is more hash-power provided by the miners it needs to become harder and harder to find the blocks.
Read more about PYRK solutions here: https://www.pyrk.org
https://preview.redd.it/obwks3p80vu51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=054d63d83fe07145934566387e502456a129ee89
submitted by VS_community to pyrk [link] [comments]

A criticism of the article "Six monetarist errors: why emission won't feed inflation"

(be gentle, it's my first RI attempt, :P; I hope I can make justice to the subject, this is my layman understanding of many macro subjects which may be flawed...I hope you can illuminate me if I have fallen short of a good RI)
Introduction
So, today a heterodox leaning Argentinian newspaper, Ambito Financiero, published an article criticizing monetarism called "Six monetarist errors: why emission won't feed inflation". I find it doesn't properly address monetarism, confuses it with other "economic schools" for whatever the term is worth today and it may be misleading, so I was inspired to write a refutation and share it with all of you.
In some ways criticizing monetarism is more of a historical discussion given the mainstream has changed since then. Stuff like New Keynesian models are the bleeding edge, not Milton Friedman style monetarism. It's more of a symptom that Argentinian political culture is kind of stuck in the 70s on economics that this things keep being discussed.
Before getting to the meat of the argument, it's good to have in mind some common definitions about money supply measures (specifically, MB, M1 and M2). These definitions apply to US but one can find analogous stuff for other countries.
Argentina, for the lack of access to credit given its economic mismanagement and a government income decrease because of the recession, is monetizing deficits way more than before (like half of the budget, apparently, it's money financed) yet we have seen some disinflation (worth mentioning there are widespread price freezes since a few months ago). The author reasons that monetary phenomena cannot explain inflation properly and that other explanations are needed and condemns monetarism. Here are the six points he makes:
1.Is it a mechanical rule?
This way, we can ask by symmetry: if a certainty exists that when emission increases, inflation increases, the reverse should happen when emission becomes negative, obtaining negative inflation. Nonetheless, we know this happens: prices have an easier time increasing and a lot of rigidity decreasing. So the identity between emission and inflation is not like that, deflation almost never exists and the price movement rhythm cannot be controlled remotely only with money quantity. There is no mechanical relationship between one thing and the other.
First, the low hanging fruit: deflation is not that uncommon, for those of you that live in US and Europe it should be obvious given the difficulties central banks had to achieve their targets, but even Argentina has seen deflation during its depression 20 years ago.
Second, we have to be careful with what we mean by emission. A statement of quantity theory of money (extracted from "Money Growth and Inflation: How Long is the Long-Run?") would say:
Inflation occurs when the average level of prices increases. Individual price increases in and of themselves do not equal inflation, but an overall pattern of price increases does. The price level observed in the economy is that which leads the quantity of money supplied to equal the quantity of money demanded. The quantity of money supplied is largely controlled by the [central bank]. When the supply of money increases or decreases, the price level must adjust to equate the quantity of money demanded throughout the economy with the quantity of money supplied. The quantity of money demanded depends not only on the price level but also on the level of real income, as measured by real gross domestic product (GDP), and a variety of other factors including the level of interest rates and technological advances such as the invention of automated teller machines. Money demand is widely thought to increase roughly proportionally with the price level and with real income. That is, if prices go up by 10 percent, or if real income increases by 10 percent, empirical evidence suggests people want to hold 10 percent more money. When the money supply grows faster than the money demand associated with rising real incomes and other factors, the price level must rise to equate supply and demand. That is, inflation occurs. This situation is often referred to as too many dollars chasing too few goods. Note that this theory does not predict that any money-supply growth will lead to inflation—only that part of money supply growth that exceeds the increase in money demand associated with rising real GDP (holding the other factors constant).
So it's not mere emission, but money supply growing faster than money demand which we should consider. So negative emission is not necessary condition for deflation in this theory.
It's worth mentioning that the relationship with prices is observed for a broad measure of money (M2) and after a lag. From the same source of this excerpt one can observe in Fig. 3a the correlation between inflation and money growth for US becomes stronger the longer data is averaged. Price rigidities don't have to change this long term relationship per se.
But what about causality and Argentina? This neat paper shows regressions in two historical periods: 1976-1989 and 1991-2001. The same relationship between M2 and inflation is observed, stronger in the first, highly inflationary period and weaker in the second, more stable, period. The regressions a 1-1 relationship in the high inflation period but deviates a bit in the low inflation period (yet the relationship is still there). Granger causality, as interpreted in the paper, shows prices caused money growth in the high inflation period (arguably because spending was monetized) while the reverse was true for the more stable period.
So one can argue that there is a mechanical relationship, albeit one that is more complicated than simple QTOM theory. The relationship is complicated too for low inflation economies, it gets more relevant the higher inflation is.
Another point the author makes is that liquidity trap is often ignored. I'll ignore the fact that you need specific conditions for the liquidity trap to be relevant to Argentina and address the point. Worth noting that while market monetarists (not exactly old fashioned monetarists) prefer alternative explanations for monetary policy with very low interest rates, this phenomena has a good monetary basis, as explained by Krugman in his famous japanese liquidity trap paper and his NYT blog (See this and this for some relevant articles). The simplified version is that while inflation may follow M2 growth with all the qualifiers needed, central banks may find difficulties targeting inflation when interest rates are low and agents are used to credible inflation targets. Central banks can change MB, not M2 and in normal times is good enough, but at those times M2 is out of control and "credibly irresponsible" policies are needed to return to normal (a more detailed explanation can be found in that paper I just linked, go for it if you are still curious).
It's not like monetary policy is not good, it's that central banks have to do very unconventional stuff to achieve in a low interest rate environment. It's still an open problem but given symmetric inflation targeting policies are becoming more popular I'm optimistic.
2 - Has inflation one or many causes?
In Argentina we know that the main determinant of inflation is dollar price increases. On that, economic concentration of key markets, utility price adjustments, fuel prices, distributive struggles, external commodity values, expectatives, productive disequilibrium, world interest rates, the economic cycle, stationality and external sector restrictions act on it too.
Let's see a simple example: during Macri's government since mid 2017 to 2019 emission was practically null, but when in 2018 the dollar value doubled, inflation doubled too (it went from 24% to 48% in 2018) and it went up again a year later. We see here that the empirical validity of monetarist theory was absent.
For the first paragraph, one could try to run econometric tests for all those variables, at least from my layman perspective. But given that it doesn't pass the smell test (has any country used that in its favor ignoring monetary policy? Also, I have shown there is at least some evidence for the money-price relationship before), I'll try to address what happened in Macri's government and if monetarism (or at least some reasonable extension of it) cannot account for it.
For a complete description of macroeconomic policy on that period, Sturzenegger account is a good one (even if a bit unreliable given he was the central banker for that government and he is considered to have been a failure). The short version is that central banks uses bonds to manage monetary policy and absorb money; given the history of defaults for the country, the Argentinian Central Bank (BCRA) uses its own peso denominated bonds instead of using treasury bonds. At that time period, the BCRA still financed the treasury but the amount got reduced. Also, it emitted pesos to buy dollar reserves, then sterilized them, maybe risking credibility further.
Near the end of 2017 it was evident the government had limited appetite for budget cuts, it had kind of abandoned its inflation target regime and the classic problem of fiscal dominance emerged, as it's shown in the classic "Unpleasant monetarist arithmetic" paper by Wallace and Sargent. Monetary policy gets less effective when the real value of bonds falls, and raising interest rates may be counterproductive in that environment. Rational expectations are needed to complement QTOM.
So, given that Argentina promised to go nowhere with reform, it was expected that money financing would increase at some point in the future and BCRA bonds were dumped in 2018 and 2019 as their value was perceived to have decreased, and so peso demand decreased. It's not that the dollar value increased and inflation followed, but instead that peso demand fell suddenly!
The IMF deal asked for MB growth to be null or almost null but that doesn't say a lot about M2 (which it's the relevant variable here). Without credible policies, the peso demand keeps falling because bonds are dumped even more (see 2019 for a hilariously brutal example of that).
It's not emission per se, but rather that it doesn't adjust properly to peso demand (which is falling). That doesn't mean increasing interest rates is enough to achieve it, following Wallace and Sargent model.
This is less a strict proof that a monetary phenomenon is involved and more stating that the author hasn't shown any problem with that, there are reasonable models for this situation. It doesn't look like an clear empirical failure to me yet.
3 - Of what we are talking about when we talk about emission?
The author mentions many money measures (M0, M1, M2) but it doesn't address it meaningfully as I tried to do above. It feels more like a rhetorical device because there is no point here except "this stuff exists".
Also, it's worth pointing that there are actual criticisms to make to Friedman on those grounds. He failed to forecast US inflation at some points when he switched to M1 instead of using M2, although he later reverted that. Monetarism kind of "failed" there (it also "failed" in the sense that modern central banks don't use money, but instead interest rates as their main tool; "failed" because despite being outdated, it was influential to modern central banking). This is often brought to this kind of discussions like if economics hasn't moved beyond that. For an account of Friedman thoughts on monetary policies and his failures, see this.
4 - Why do many countries print and inflation doesn't increase there?
There is a mention about the japanese situation in the 90s (the liquidity trap) which I have addressed.
The author mentions that many countries "printed" like crazy during the pandemic, and he says:
Monetarism apologists answer, when confronted with those grave empirical problems that happen in "serious countries", that the population "trusts" their monetary authorities, even increasing the money demand in those place despite the emission. Curious, though, it's an appeal to "trust" implying that the relationship between emission and inflation is not objective, but subjective and cultural: an appreciation that abandons mechanicism and the basic certainty of monetarism, because evaluations and diagnostics, many times ideologic, contextual or historical intervene..
That's just a restatement of applying rational expectations to central bank operations. I don't see a problem with that. Rational expectations is not magic, it's an assessment of future earnings by economic actors. Humans may not 100% rational but central banking somehow works on many countries. You cannot just say that people are ideologues and let it at that. What's your model?
Worth noting the author shills for bitcoin a bit in this section, for more cringe.
5 - Are we talking of a physical science or a social science?
Again, a vague mention of rational expectations ("populists and pro market politicians could do the same policies with different results because of how agents respond ideologically and expectatives") without handling the subject meaningfully. It criticizes universal macroeconomic rules that apply everywhere (this is often used to dismiss evidence from other countries uncritically more than as a meaningful point).
6 - How limits work?
The last question to monetarism allows to recognize it something: effectively we can think on a type of vinculation between emission and inflation in extreme conditions. That means, with no monetary rule, no government has the need of taxes but instead can emit and spend all it needs without consequence. We know it's not like that: no government can print infinitely without undesirable effects.
Ok, good disclaimer, but given what he wrote before, what's the mechanism which causes money printing to be inflationary at some point? It was rejected before but now it seems that it exists. What was even the point of the article?
Now, the problem is thinking monetarism on its extremes: without emission we have inflation sometimes, on others we have no inflation with emission, we know that if we have negative emission that doesn't guarantees us negative inflation, but that if emission is radically uncontrolled there will economic effects.
As I wrote above, that's not what monetarism (even on it's simpler form) says, nor a consequence of it. You can see some deviations in low inflation environment but it's not really Argentina's current situation.
Let's add other problems: the elastic question between money and prices is not evident. Neither is time lags in which can work or be neutral. So the question is the limit cases for monetarism which has some reason but some difficulty in explaining them: by which and it what moments rules work and in which it doesn't.
I find the time lag thing to be a red herring. You can observe empirically and not having a proper short/middle run model doesn't invalidate QTOM in the long run. While it may be that increasing interest rates or freezing MB is not effective, that's less a problem of the theory and more a problem of policy implementation.
Conclusion:
I find that the article doesn't truly get monetarism to begin with (see the points it makes about emission and money demand), neither how it's implemented in practice, nor seems to be aware of more modern theories that, while put money on the background, don't necessarily invalidate it (rational expectation ideas, and eventually New Keynesian stuff which addresses stuff like liquidity traps properly).
There are proper criticisms to be made to Friedman old ideas but he still was a relevant man in his time and the economic community has moved on to new, better theories that have some debt to it. I feel most economic discussion about monetarism in Argentina is a strawman of mainstream economics or an attack on Austrians more than genuine points ("monetarism" is used as a shorthand for those who think inflation is a monetary phenomenon more than referring to Friedman and his disciples per se).
submitted by Neronoah to badeconomics [link] [comments]

Two reasons why stable 10 minute block times averages are more important than a rather small long term schedule drift.

Before I open my two reasons, two preliminary facts:
  1. Current schedule drift is less than 1 yr per lifetime of Bitcoin Cash up to now.
  2. If we correct the oscillation and implement a stable new difficulty algorithm that is absolutely scheduled, we stop the future drift. We end up with the drift of the past meaning from wherever we base our absolute scheduling. That may mean we do not correct for past drift at all. To consider the question of whether we should, I want to put up two reasons why I think a stable 10 minute block time average is more important than a small long term schedule.
1. The average time will be a factor in dimensioning computer systems that build on Bitcoin Cash.
Right now, one might thinks the 10 minute block average is very big, because the network is not being heavily used and there is a quasi-consensus rule which implies most nodes will not accept blocks > 32mb.
But 32mb is far from the end goal of Bitcoin Cash on chain scaling. For Bitcoin Cash to succeed, we hope blocks will become MUCH bigger. This means the performance of relaying and processing blocks will become an important factor for node implementations.
Software needs hardware and hardware systems need to be dimensioned for the expected workload.
A stable 10-minute average allows easier dimensioning of the server hardware needed to deal with large-sized blocks.
As Gavin Andresen said: "design for success".
Therefore we should think about the case where blocks are large.
Now, what happens if we implement an algorithm where the blocks can take longer in, let's say, the next 5 years, but then suddenly the difficulty is dropped a bit so that they now effectively arrive faster?
Then your system which you dimensioned for e.g. 11.25 minutes / block would suddenly need to process more per time interval and might be under-dimensioned.
We could say: no problem - technology is going to improve anyway. The consensus around which block sizes are allowed needs to move toward higher block sizes anyway which will make current systems under-dimensioned - perhaps much faster.
But is it really necessary to add another complicating factor to this already complex calculation by implementing a diminishing block time average?
2. Enabling changes to monetary policy such as influencing the emission schedule opens the Overton window to including less well considered monetary policy changes.
In the less harmful scenario, something like drift correction would be well motivated, its benefits and risks laid out clearly, discussed and eventually accepted by Bitcoin Cash (stake)holders.
In the more harmful scenario, such changes would be pushed through without much discussion by a small group which demonstrates that the protocol is easy to change in ways that don't need to be well motivated and largely risk-free and may even disproportionately benefit a certain subset of stakeholders. This would not be a good selling point for Bitcoin Cash.
Those are the two reasons I want to bring up for considering the stability of the "10 minute block time average" as a more important point than correcting for a drift which compared to long term emission (> 100 years) is less than 1%.
submitted by Pablo_Picasho to btc [link] [comments]

[OC] If the regular season ended today, who would make your All-NBA 1st team? And 2nd team? And 3rd team? And 4th team? And 5th team? And 6th team? And 7th -- uh oh -- I think I lost my marbles... but let's keep going... 8th team? 9th team? 10th team?

Getting named as an NBA All-Star is a high honor, but being named to an All-NBA team is even rarer air. After all, only 15 players in the entire league earn that distinction. The fact that it's such an exclusive club makes it so important, so the idea of adding more players to the list would devalue it by nature. It'd be a silly, fruitless exercise, and a complete waste of time.
That said... it sure beats "reality" right now. And in the interest of escapism, let's entertain that hypothetical. Who would make your 1st team All-NBA? Your 2nd? Your 3rd? Your 4th? The challenge is get all the way up to the 10th if you can handle that test of your sanity.
For my own, I include a few caveats:
--- The NBA breaks down All-NBA spots more traditionally with frontcourt and backcourt, but I find that outdated. For mine, I'm going to include 1 "lead guard," 2 "wings," 1 "big," and 1 "flex" that can be any position. To me, that's reflective of the modern game. Most teams play with 1 guard, 3 wings, and 1 big, but there are teams that use 2 lead guards, or 2 bigs, etc.
--- The nature of basketball statistics tends to break down by game, or by minute, or even by play/possession. In the process, we tend to overlook players who are durable and add aggravate value over the course of a season. Personally, I'm going to factor in "games played" more than most would.
--- The advanced stats I'm listing are true shooting percentage and ESPN's estimated "wins added" based on their real plus/minus metric.
With all that said, let's get to the madness.
1st TEAM
GUARD: James Harden (HOU). 34.4 points, 7.4 assists, 62 TS%, +10.4 wins added
You can tell when a player has reached an historic level of greatness when no one seems to care when they're averaging over 34 points per game (on awesome efficiency.) Ho hum.
WING: LeBron James (LAL). 25.7 points, 10.6 assists, 58 TS%, +11.0 wins added
After last year's disappointment, LeBron James has come back leaner and meaner, with much better effort on D. He hasn't been attacking the paint and drawing fouls quite as well as he did in his youth, but he's adjusted his playing style and racked up a career high in assists.
WING: Giannis Antetounkmpo (MIL). 29.6 points, 13.7 rebounds, 61 TS%, +11.2 wins added
The Greek Freak's struggles at the free throw line (down to 63%) have lowered his efficiency from last year, but he's still clearly in contention for another MVP season. His point total nearly matches his minutes (30.9).
BIG: Nikola Jokic (DEN). 20.2 points, 6.9 assists, 60 TS%, +6.0 wins added
The Joker LOOKS like he should be a complete liability on defense, but the stats haven't born that out (he's +1.8 on that end in RPM.) And given that, his transcendent passing ability assists (get it???) his 1st team candidacy.
FLEX: Anthony Davis (LAL). 26.7 points, 2.4 blocks, 61 TS%, +5.2 wins added
The Lakers have vaulted into the top 3 in defense, largely due to Anthony Davis' ability to wreak havoc on that end. And keep in mind, he's leading his team in PPG as well.
2nd TEAM
GUARD: Damian Lillard (POR). 28.9 points, 7.8 assists, 62 TS%, +4.9 wins added
If it wasn't for Steph Curry and James Harden, Dame would be looking at a lot more first-team All-NBA seasons. This hasn't been Portland's best by any stretch, but it's hard to fault him for that.
WING: Luka Doncic (DAL). 28.7 points, 8.7 assists, 58 TS%, +5.9 wins added
No doubt, Luka Doncic is our toughest exclusion from the 1st team and the one I figure will be the most unpopular pick (so far.) The reason he slipped off the 1st team for me is the injury; he's played 10 less games than Nikola Jokic.
WING: Kawhi Leonard (LAC). 26.9 points, 5.0 assists, 59 TS%, +5.7 wins added
Similarly, it's always going to be tough for me to justify Kawhi on a 1st team as long as he takes off games (he's missed 13/64 so far.) Still, he should be rested and ready to go for another title campaign.
BIG: Rudy Gobert (UTA). 15.1 points, 13.7 rebounds, 70 TS%, +4.5 wins added
I wonder if Rudy Gobert's coronavirus issues will hurt him in media votes in the future. Personally, I'm just going to keep rewarding him and recognizing him as one of the most impactful players in the league.
FLEX: Jimmy Butler (MIA). 20.2 points, 6.1 assists, 58 TS%, +4.1 wins added
Jimmy Butler's struggled to score from the field this year, but his ability to draw contact and get to the line (9.1 FTA) keeps his efficiency above average. And therein, his passing and defense help boost him into this range.
3rd TEAM
GUARD: Chris Paul (OKC). 17.7 points, 6.8 assists, 61 TS%, +5.5 wins added
An incredible year all around for CP3, who has turned 35 years old this month.
WING: Jayson Tatum (BOS). 23.6 points, 7.1 rebounds, 56 TS%, +4.6 wins added
We all know him as a deadly scorer, but Jayson Tatum's added strength has helped him hang at the 4 spot on defense, which is a boon for the Celtics' small-ball/wing-ball approach.
WING: Khris Middleton (MIL). 21.1 points, 6.2 rebounds, 62 TS%, +3.7 wins added
Giannis is the engine that drives the Bucks, but having shooters like Middleton around him is key.
BIG: Pascal Siakam (TOR). 23.6 points, 3.6 assists, 56 TS%, +4.8 wins added
Without Kawhi Leonard soaking up attention, Pascal Siakam's not getting as many easy baskets (his 2-point FG% has dropped from 60.2% to 50.6%.) Still, he's a hugely valuable player on both ends of the floor. Is he a true “big?” No. But I think that term is broad enough to extend past centers and can include PFs as well for our purposes.
FLEX: Russell Westbrook (HOU). 27.5 points, 8.0 rebounds, 54 TS%, +6.0 wins added
I've never been a big Westbrook fan, but I give him credit for keeping his activity level and productivity up in a new role. He's gotten better and better as the season has gone on as well.
4th TEAM
GUARD: Ben Simmons (PHI). 16.7 points, 8.2 assists, 61 TS%, +4.2 wins added
Shooting? Still a problem. But fortunately, Ben Simmons does virtually everything else well. He can also step up his game when needed (like when Embiid is out.)
WING: Donovan Mitchell (UTA). 24.2 points, 4.2 assists, 56 TS%, +2.1 wins added
I don't know if Donovan Mitchell is truly any better than any high-scoring SGs like Devin Booker or Zach LaVine, but we have to reward him from being on a winner.
WING: Brandon Ingram (NO). 24.3 points, 6.3 rebounds, 59 TS%, +2.4 wins added
A candidate for Most Improved, Brandon Ingram helped carry his team early in the season. He'll still have to figure out his chemistry with Zion Williamson, but it's safe to say he made himself a lot of money this year.
BIG: Bam Adebayo (MIA). 16.2 points, 10.5 rebounds, 61 TS%, +3.1 wins added
Bam's ability to move the ball on offense (5+ assists) and move his feet on defense is key to the team. The scary part is: he may have another level to his game to reach.
FLEX: Devin Booker (PHX). 26.1 points, 6.6 assists, 62 TS%, +3.5 wins added
It's getting hard to blame Devin Booker for Phoenix's W-L record. He's just a flat-out stud scorer.
5th TEAM
GUARD: Trae Young (ATL). 29.6 points, 9.3 assists, 60 TS%, +3.2 wins added
Like Devin Booker, Trae Young is an offensive savant. Unfortunately, his defense is even more of an issue. He graded at -3.1 in RPM on that end, one of the worst in the entire NBA.
WING: Bradley Beal (WAS). 30.5 points, 6.1 assists, 58 TS%, +1.8 wins added
You expect Trae Young to be bad at defense, but Bradley Beal has graded surprisingly bad there as well (-2.8 RPM.) Of course, starting alongside Isaiah Thomas doesn't make that easy. Nevertheless, we had to downgrade him a few spots for the inconsistent effort there.
WING: Jaylen Brown (BOS). 20.4 points, 6.4 rebounds, 59 TS%, +3.3 wins added
Coming out of Cal, some scouts questions Jaylen Brown's feel for the game. Right now, it's hard to find many things that he doesn't do well.
BIG: Joel Embiid (PHI). 23.4 points, 11.8 rebounds, 59 TS%, +2.8 wins added
Embiid would rank higher at full strength, but he's missed about 1/3 of the season so far.
FLEX: Kyle Lowry (TOR). 19.7 points, 7.7 assists, 59 TS%, +3.2 wins added
Now age 34, Kyle Lowry continues to play very well on both ends. He's the little engine that could -- or perhaps more appropriately, the caboose.
6th TEAM
GUARD: Eric Bledsoe (MIL). 15.4 points, 5.4 assists, 58 TS%, +2.9 wins added
Eric Bledsoe gets more flak than credit, but he's still one of the best players on the best team in the league.
WING: Zach LaVine (CHI). 25.5 points, 4.2 assists, 57 TS%, +4.3 wins added
If the Bulls had a better record, Zach LaVine could have been a few spots higher. His defense isn't quite as bad as advertised either.
WING: C.J. McCollum (POR). 22.5 points, 4.3 assists, 54 TS%, +3.7 wins added
This must be the "all flak" team, because C.J. McCollum also gets blamed a lot for Portland's struggles to get over the hump. To me, Dame+CJ isn't the problem; the complete mess at the SF-PF position is to blame.
BIG: Domatas Sabonis (IND). 18.5 points, 12.4 rebounds, 59 TS%, +1.5 wins added
Arvydas' kid also has some baby Joker to his game, as his 5.0 assists are a huge part of Indiana's offense.
FLEX: Paul George (LAC). 21.0 points, 3.9 assists, 58 TS%, +2.5 wins added
Again, I'm factoring in games played more than most, and Paul George (42 GP) has missed quite a bit of time.
7th TEAM
GUARD: Kemba Walker (BOS). 21.2 points, 4.9 assists, 57 TS%, +2.5 wins added
Kemba Walker doesn't have the same workload in Boston as he did in Charlotte, and the stats reflect that. Still, he's safely one of the top 10 PGs in the league.
WING: Bojan Bogdanovic (UTA). 20.2 points, 4.1 rebounds, 60 TS%, +2.6 wins added
Here we're talking BOJAN (from Utah) and not BOGDAN (from Sacramento), although they're both good. Bogey's delivered on the three-point shooting for Utah, hitting 41.4% on 7+ attempts a game.
WING: Danilo Gallinari (OKC). 19.2 points, 5.5 rebounds, 61 TS%, +2.8 wins added
Perpetually underrated, it may be time we stop acting shocked when Gallo's teams (LAC last year, OKC this year) are better than people expect.
BIG: Karl-Anthony Towns (MIN). 26.5 points, 10.8 rebounds, 64 TS%, +2.7 wins added
KAT was among the hardest to rank for me. Offensively, he's historically great -- arguably the best shooting center of all time. The defense is an issue, of course, and the workload is what doomed him on my list. His 35 games played is our lowest total so far.
FLEX: Jrue Holiday (NO). 19.6 points, 6.9 assists, 54 TS%, +3.5 wins added
It's fitting that Jrue Holiday is listed at "flex," because he's gone from a pure point guard to a jack of all trades.
8th TEAM
GUARD: Ja Morant (MEM). 17.6 points, 6.9 assists, 57 TS%, +1.6 wins added
As the lead guard of a team, you expect Ja Morant to put up good raw stats. However, his efficiency and steadiness is remarkable for a rookie making the leap from Murray State. He also gets a boost for leading Memphis into playoff position (for now, until the NBA decides to snatch that away.)
WING: Evan Fournier (ORL). 18.8 points, 3.2 assists, 60 TS%, +2.1 wins added
Quietly, Evan Fournier is having a good season for Orlando. If you don't believe me, google it.
WING: Robert Covington (HOU). 12.8 points, 1.5 steals, 57 TS%, +2.8 wins added
Every team would love to have a low-usage 3+D forward like RoCo. Except for Philly and Minnesota, I guess.
BIG: Hassan Whiteside (POR). 16.3 points, 14.2 rebounds, 64 TS%, +2.1 wins added
This may be a controversial pick because Whiteside has become a punching bag for fans, but he may have made the rare transition from underrated to overrated (and overpaid) and back to underrated again.
FLEX: Tobias Harris (PHI). 19.4 points, 6.8 rebounds, 56 TS%, +2.1 wins added
Speaking of overpaid... Tobias Harris hasn't lived up to his giant contract yet, but he's undoubtedly a good starter to have on your team.
9th TEAM
GUARD: Spencer Dinwiddie (TOR). 20.6 points, 6.8 assists, 54 TS%, +3.0 wins added
Nothing raises your bitcoin valuation more than that sweet, sweet All-NBA 9th team trophy.
WING: Shai Gilgeous-Alexander (OKC). 19.3 points, 6.1 rebounds, 57 TS%, +2.1 wins added
Like Jrue Holiday, SGA is a point who can play "up" a position. In fact, he’s been working effectively at both SG and SF this year, as illustrated by that nice rebounding rate.
WING: Duncan Robinson (MIA). 13.3 points, 3.3 rebounds, 68 TS%, +3.0 wins added
This may be high for a one-trick pony, but that trick happens to be quite a valuable one. The unknown Robinson is hitting 44.8% of his threes (at 8.4 attempts per game.) He's a huge part of Miami's offensive gameplan.
BIG: Kristaps Porzingis (DAL). 19.2 points, 9.5 rebounds, 54 TS%, +3.9 wins added
Too high? Too low? I can't figure out Porzingis' season in Dallas so far. Still, any big who can block shots and hit threes has an inherent value.
FLEX: Dennis Schroder (OKC). 19.0 points, 4.1 assists, 57 TS%, +5.4 wins added
Perhaps the biggest surprise to OKC's success this season has been a career year for Dennis Schroder off the bench. He's even played well when paired with CP3 and SGA in the same lineup. The stats suggest that Schroder should rank even higher than this, but I'm still trying to wrap my mind around him becoming such an efficient player all of a sudden.
10th TEAM
GUARD: Lou Williams (LAC). 18.7 points, 5.7 assists, 55 TS%, +3.6 wins added
Sweet Lou has a little less to do now that Kawhi Leonard and Paul George are in town, but he's still one of the best scorers off the bench.
WING: Buddy Hield (SAC). 19.8 points, 4.8 rebounds, 57 TS%, +3.0 wins added
A NEW addition to the "scorer off the bench club," Buddy Hield deserves kudos for accepting that role as the Kings try to find a spark. He hasn't been as red-hot as he had been last season, but he's still one of the best SGs in the league.
WING: Gordon Hayward (BOS). 17.3 points, 4.1 assists, 59 TS%, +1.9 wins added
Gordon Hayward has quietly been working his way back into top form, with his ball movement and BBIQ two real feathers in his cap. He's dinged a few spots here based on missed time (he's only played 45 games.)
BIG: Montrezl Harrell (LAC). 18.6 points, 7.1 rebounds, 61 TS%, +3.6 wins added
Fittingly, Montrezl Harrell will join Lou Williams' team here. It'll be interesting to see whether Doc Rivers rolls with the two of them in crunch time during the playoffs.
FLEX: Nikola Vucevic (ORL): 19.5 points, 11.0 rebounds, 54 TS%, +2.0 wins added
It's debatable how valuable Vucevic's 20-10 seasons are because he's not a good defender and he's not a terribly efficient scorer. That said, I'm giving him credit for a high degree of difficulty here as the go-to scorer on a team that doesn't have a lot of weapons offensively.
just missed the cut
If you'd like to sub in any other players, here are some notable names:
PG FredVanVleet (TOR), PG Devonte' Graham (CHA), PG Malcolm Brogdon (IND), PG Jamal Murray, PG Lonzo Ball, PG De'Aaron Fox (SAC), PG/SG Marcus Smart (BOS), PG/SG Kendrick Nunn (MIA), SF Joe Ingles (UTA), SF Will Barton (DEN), SF DeMar DeRozan (SA), SF/PF Davis Bertans (WAS), SF/PF Aaron Gordon (ORL), PF LaMarcus Aldridge (SA), C Myles Turner (IND), C Steven Adams (OKC), C Andre Drummond (CLE), C Jarrett Allen (BKN), C Derrick Favors (NO), C Jonas Valanciunas (MEM), C Brook Lopez (MIL). And of course, we need an obligatory Zion Williamson (NO) mention, although his 19 games played is a tough hurdle to overcome.
submitted by ZandrickEllison to nba [link] [comments]

Is Bitcoin Mining Fruitful?

  1. Bitcoin has become more affordable to mine in recent times.
  2. This is due to two main factors - difficulty adjustments and cheaper electricity.
  3. In early 2020, researches predicted that the cost to mine Bitcoin will be around $12,000 to $15,000 after the block reward halving in May.
  4. Bitcoin mining can still be profitable for some individuals.
  5. Some prospective mines should perform a cost-benefit analysis to understand the price before making the fixed cost purchase of the equipment.
The variables needed to make this calculation are:

Wondering where to mine bitcoins?

Surprisingly, bitcoin mining can also be done with the P2P crypto exchange platform and if you are worried about finding a P2P exchange platform, well you are at the right spot!
Blockchain Firm offers you a P2P crypto exchange platform with avant-garde features that helps you to mine bitcoins in a hassle-free manner.

Bottom line

Probably the best idea is to make mining a hobby. Bitcoin mining is perhaps profitable, perhaps not, but the experience you gain is the real work. Just stock up some bitcoins for the future when a new bull market begins, and you can benefit from the rising price.
submitted by lucasmason01 to u/lucasmason01 [link] [comments]

What is Delegated Harvesting and how does it work?

What is Delegated Harvesting and how does it work?

https://preview.redd.it/030pghigzkg51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=ee51e1f5bb87938ab610ee07951ad4daed798a20

Delegated harvesting lets you passively earn block rewards on-chain

Symbol has a noteworthy economic system that allows you to passively earn coin rewards just as if you were mining. This is better than staking rewards given by exchanges since you don’t need to put your coins on an exchange and you are earning actual block rewards.
On most other blockchains you have to operate a node in order to earn block rewards. That can be expensive and difficult for casual users. With our delegated harvesting system, your rights to earn rewards are based on how many XYM coins you are holding, but Symbol lets you delegate those rights to someone else’s node so they will earn rewards on your behalf. You’ll earn on-chain block rewards even when your computer is turned off, and the rewards are sent to you instantly, the moment they are earned. It requires a minimum balance of 10,000 XYM, and you can do it easily through a dashboard. Here’s how it all works.

Let’s chain some blocks

A quick block reward review: the process of adding transactions and other data to a blockchain is called creating blocks, and it’s what every computer in the network is trying to do. Blockchains pay a coin reward to the first account to create a new accepted block. The reward is called a block reward. If new coins are created to pay the block reward, it’s called mining. Symbol doesn’t create new coins for block rewards so it uses the term harvesting instead, but it’s nearly the same as mining.

We want proof

What’s the point of all this mining and harvesting? The problem is that anyone can join the network anonymously, so we would expect cheaters sending false data so they can spend the same coins twice or make other fake transactions. If we don’t know who is trustworthy, how do we choose who gets “write access” to account balances?
Bitcoin and many early protocols use a Proof of Work (POW) system. In POW every computer in the network is processing calculations as fast as possible until someone gets the right number. Whoever gets it first creates the next block. POW is effective at discouraging cheaters because it’s expensive to buy and power all the machines needed to mine profitably. Anyone who could make such a mining investment won’t want to risk being rejected.

Not that proof, different proof

The biggest drawback of POW is its insatiable consumption of electricity. It’s estimated that bitcoin alone consumes a quarter percent of global energy production. Unfortunately, that’s not a side effect, it’s the point; the more expensive it is to create blocks, the harder it is for bad actors to take over. In the early days users could mine POW coins on a laptop, but today it’s so expensive that only large industrial operators are competitive.
The most popular alternative system is Proof of Stake. POS is well-tested and has proven secure at large scale, and best of all, it requires no special energy usage. In a POS system, the protocol chooses an account at random to be the next block creator. However, an account’s chance of being chosen depends on the number of coins it holds. So users with the highest account balances have the highest chances of creating new blocks. This is a good way to ensure security, but one downside is that it encourages hoarding.

Proof of stake plus

Symbol uses a Proof of Stake Plus (POS+) system, which adds a few weighting factors on top of Proof of Stake to incentivize a healthier economic system. For example, POS+ gives an advantage to accounts that have many recent transactions in order to encourage network usage. So if you need to pay a lot of transaction fees, that expense can be offset somewhat by higher block rewards.
This addresses the hoarding problem, but not the expense and difficulty of running a node. We want everyone to participate in harvesting whether or not they are paying to run a node. Owning a minimum of 10,000 XYM automatically gives you the right to harvest, so the idea is to use your earning rights on someone else’s node. This is where delegating your stake comes in.

Keep your keys in your pocket

The tricky part is that if you gave a node operator direct access to your stake, they would be able to see your private key and possibly take your funds. Symbol solves this problem by creating a proxy account with a different private key that’s used only for delegated harvesting. This allows you to delegate your harvesting rights to any available node without allowing them access to your account.

https://preview.redd.it/lhv350glzkg51.png?width=1583&format=png&auto=webp&s=f2d9af8185d027221bf7d0531a667f6ada6731d4
There’s no minimum holding time or obligations for your coins, and you can spend them just as easily as non-delegated accounts as long as your balance is 10,000 or above. If your account drops below 10,000 it will simply stop harvesting with no side effects. If the node you are working with is going down a lot or otherwise annoying you, just use the dashboard to stop delegating or switch your delegation to another node any time you like.

What’s in a block reward?

There’s one more detail: any node that you have delegated to will keep 25% of the rewards earned by your delegated stake. This is their incentive to keep their node running. If you don’t like giving them a cut, you need to run your own node. Now the good part: every block reward on the Symbol public chain will contain new tokens added for inflation, incentives for early adopters, and will also contain all transaction fees paid. 100% of transaction fees are returned to harvesters in block rewards. The system is estimated to provide about 3% to 4% returns for delegated harvesters, although rewards could be lower or higher if there are a lot of transaction fees paid.

A quick hypothetical example

Let’s say there are 1 billion XYM tokens staked on the Symbol public chain. Your account balance is 20,000. This gives you about a 1 in 50,000 chance to be the harvester of any given block. Blocks are created every 15 seconds, which adds up to 5,760 blocks per day. Your account would be expected to harvest a block reward about once every 8.7 days.

Configuration of delegated harvesting

The Symbol public chain has a requirement of 10,000 XYM minimum balance for delegated harvesting, but if you are running your own Symbol blockchain you can change it to any token and any amount you want. You can also change the inflation rate, transaction fees, and other economy settings. In a corporate private network there is usually little need for decentralization and incentives since everyone on the network will be known and trusted. In this type of private chain you can even remove transaction fees. However, since Symbol is open-source, it’s also simple to run your own public version configured with any requirements you need.

On-chain staking rewards

Staking rewards are becoming more common on exchanges, and many users are coming to expect it. That’s good because staking rewards provide more opportunity for users to earn coins and encourage new users to enter the industry. Unfortunately these custodial exchanges and wallets require users to give up their keys. It’s nearly always more secure to hold tokens off exchanges, especially if holding long term. Symbol and its original version NEM are unique in their method of allowing users to delegate their stakes and earn rewards without giving up custody and without any risk of sharing their private keys. Delegated harvesting on Symbol is likely to be the best way in the blockchain industry for users to earn on-chain staking rewards without the chore and expense of running a node.
Source
submitted by charlesgwynne to CryptoCurrencyTrading [link] [comments]

What is Delegated Harvesting and how does it work?

What is Delegated Harvesting and how does it work?

https://preview.redd.it/h0y8o02yykg51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=0b476a069605414fa5f970f3e7d1aebd52d4cf31

Delegated harvesting lets you passively earn block rewards on-chain

Symbol has a noteworthy economic system that allows you to passively earn coin rewards just as if you were mining. This is better than staking rewards given by exchanges since you don’t need to put your coins on an exchange and you are earning actual block rewards.
On most other blockchains you have to operate a node in order to earn block rewards. That can be expensive and difficult for casual users. With our delegated harvesting system, your rights to earn rewards are based on how many XYM coins you are holding, but Symbol lets you delegate those rights to someone else’s node so they will earn rewards on your behalf. You’ll earn on-chain block rewards even when your computer is turned off, and the rewards are sent to you instantly, the moment they are earned. It requires a minimum balance of 10,000 XYM, and you can do it easily through a dashboard. Here’s how it all works.

Let’s chain some blocks

A quick block reward review: the process of adding transactions and other data to a blockchain is called creating blocks, and it’s what every computer in the network is trying to do. Blockchains pay a coin reward to the first account to create a new accepted block. The reward is called a block reward. If new coins are created to pay the block reward, it’s called mining. Symbol doesn’t create new coins for block rewards so it uses the term harvesting instead, but it’s nearly the same as mining.

We want proof

What’s the point of all this mining and harvesting? The problem is that anyone can join the network anonymously, so we would expect cheaters sending false data so they can spend the same coins twice or make other fake transactions. If we don’t know who is trustworthy, how do we choose who gets “write access” to account balances?
Bitcoin and many early protocols use a Proof of Work (POW) system. In POW every computer in the network is processing calculations as fast as possible until someone gets the right number. Whoever gets it first creates the next block. POW is effective at discouraging cheaters because it’s expensive to buy and power all the machines needed to mine profitably. Anyone who could make such a mining investment won’t want to risk being rejected.

Not that proof, different proof

The biggest drawback of POW is its insatiable consumption of electricity. It’s estimated that bitcoin alone consumes a quarter percent of global energy production. Unfortunately, that’s not a side effect, it’s the point; the more expensive it is to create blocks, the harder it is for bad actors to take over. In the early days users could mine POW coins on a laptop, but today it’s so expensive that only large industrial operators are competitive.
The most popular alternative system is Proof of Stake. POS is well-tested and has proven secure at large scale, and best of all, it requires no special energy usage. In a POS system, the protocol chooses an account at random to be the next block creator. However, an account’s chance of being chosen depends on the number of coins it holds. So users with the highest account balances have the highest chances of creating new blocks. This is a good way to ensure security, but one downside is that it encourages hoarding.

Proof of stake plus

Symbol uses a Proof of Stake Plus (POS+) system, which adds a few weighting factors on top of Proof of Stake to incentivize a healthier economic system. For example, POS+ gives an advantage to accounts that have many recent transactions in order to encourage network usage. So if you need to pay a lot of transaction fees, that expense can be offset somewhat by higher block rewards.
This addresses the hoarding problem, but not the expense and difficulty of running a node. We want everyone to participate in harvesting whether or not they are paying to run a node. Owning a minimum of 10,000 XYM automatically gives you the right to harvest, so the idea is to use your earning rights on someone else’s node. This is where delegating your stake comes in.

Keep your keys in your pocket

The tricky part is that if you gave a node operator direct access to your stake, they would be able to see your private key and possibly take your funds. Symbol solves this problem by creating a proxy account with a different private key that’s used only for delegated harvesting. This allows you to delegate your harvesting rights to any available node without allowing them access to your account.

https://preview.redd.it/tejgkdv1zkg51.png?width=1583&format=png&auto=webp&s=c41b9f431ce63a196dcbc0297a898233b530a297
There’s no minimum holding time or obligations for your coins, and you can spend them just as easily as non-delegated accounts as long as your balance is 10,000 or above. If your account drops below 10,000 it will simply stop harvesting with no side effects. If the node you are working with is going down a lot or otherwise annoying you, just use the dashboard to stop delegating or switch your delegation to another node any time you like.

What’s in a block reward?

There’s one more detail: any node that you have delegated to will keep 25% of the rewards earned by your delegated stake. This is their incentive to keep their node running. If you don’t like giving them a cut, you need to run your own node. Now the good part: every block reward on the Symbol public chain will contain new tokens added for inflation, incentives for early adopters, and will also contain all transaction fees paid. 100% of transaction fees are returned to harvesters in block rewards. The system is estimated to provide about 3% to 4% returns for delegated harvesters, although rewards could be lower or higher if there are a lot of transaction fees paid.

A quick hypothetical example

Let’s say there are 1 billion XYM tokens staked on the Symbol public chain. Your account balance is 20,000. This gives you about a 1 in 50,000 chance to be the harvester of any given block. Blocks are created every 15 seconds, which adds up to 5,760 blocks per day. Your account would be expected to harvest a block reward about once every 8.7 days.

Configuration of delegated harvesting

The Symbol public chain has a requirement of 10,000 XYM minimum balance for delegated harvesting, but if you are running your own Symbol blockchain you can change it to any token and any amount you want. You can also change the inflation rate, transaction fees, and other economy settings. In a corporate private network there is usually little need for decentralization and incentives since everyone on the network will be known and trusted. In this type of private chain you can even remove transaction fees. However, since Symbol is open-source, it’s also simple to run your own public version configured with any requirements you need.

On-chain staking rewards

Staking rewards are becoming more common on exchanges, and many users are coming to expect it. That’s good because staking rewards provide more opportunity for users to earn coins and encourage new users to enter the industry. Unfortunately these custodial exchanges and wallets require users to give up their keys. It’s nearly always more secure to hold tokens off exchanges, especially if holding long term. Symbol and its original version NEM are unique in their method of allowing users to delegate their stakes and earn rewards without giving up custody and without any risk of sharing their private keys. Delegated harvesting on Symbol is likely to be the best way in the blockchain industry for users to earn on-chain staking rewards without the chore and expense of running a node.

Source
submitted by charlesgwynne to CryptoCurrencyTrading [link] [comments]

Binance Helpline Support Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED

Binance Helpline Support Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance Helpline Support Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance does not levy any fees on deposits or withdrawals made during trading. When a person withdraws Bitcoin the minimum fee is based on the blockchain load. Thus you only need to pay the cost which are incurred by the bank or the cryptocurrency network.
The minimum deposit which can be made is 0.001 BTC full stop however there are no limits on withdrawal but the withdrawals can be made on the in Bitcoin. The process of withdrawal is simple. The user only using to insert the amount which they want to withdraw along with the wallet address to complete the transaction. Although the deposits can be made 24/7 but the withdrawls can be processed only at a fixed time once per day. This fixed time interval is due to hand processing. The system of hand processing has been created in order to increase the level of security for the user's fund. This added security is possible by providing extra time along with an email notice which allows the users to have enough time to cancel the transaction in case of any fraudulent activity.
In case the customers have some doubts and questions regarding trading on Binance, they can contact the support number which is available 24/7. If at any point while trading, you make a mistake you can call the service number immediately. The company has hired some of the most experienced professionals for the customer support system. No matter what issue you are having, the customer support can resolve in no time. There are several issues which can be resolved with the help of the support number such as difficulty in logging in, problem in withdrawing the funds, or even a frozen Binance account. You can have help at the simple touch of a few buttons for all kinds of issues in regards to trading on Binance.
Binance is a cryptocurrency based trading platform which is owned and operated by HDR Global Trading Limited. It was founded in the year 2014 by Arthur Hayes, Ben Delo and Samuel Reed. The company has their headquarters located in Seychelles. Binance offers leverage of up to 100 times which is one of the biggest draw of exchange for traders who prefer this company. The traders can borrow and trade with an amount of 100 times that they actually have. This is highly advantageous to the traders since they can multiply their gains by several factors.
If you are trying to trade at Binance there are some basic things which you should know which can be of tremendous help to you.
The first step is to visit the Binance website and register in order to create a new account. In order to create a new account, you need to enter a valid email address along with a new password. When this step is complete you will receive an email with link. You need to click on the link yuhave received in the emai.This stepis necessary to verify your email address. Once your email address is verified the next step is to enable the two factor authentication. The two factor authentication has been designed to provide an extra level of security for your account.
Predominant piece of people has been enrolled with Binance Wallet premium email account since it is absolutely not equivalent to other mail accounts with number of constructive attributes available in it. It is directly considered as one of the primary webmail application that has the critical reputation among the customers and it's solid Binance Wallet email customer help is reliably open for those customers who generally face issues while dealing with records. To revive them the customer carenical bunch goes to gatherings which over different parts require for the convincing assistance. {+-}
Why Contact Binance Wallet each preview of dependably Support Number: {+-} Being a bit of Yahoo and AT&T affiliations it offers a fundamental overseeing mailing decision at any rate there are in like manner diverse customer carenical glitches occurs with customers that you may look as well. For these issues you can contact customer carenical sponsorship to discover backing and you can find a great deal of them in the web. Customer carenical support is open 24x7 with the objective that you can connect with them as showed up by your solace.
Binance Wallet undertaking Email Account Troubleshooting sources:Binance Wallet mystery state not working New account join assistance Controlling spam, trash and phishing mails Configure mail account in to various mailing services and dIssues in sending/getting mail
We ought to have some discussion on the Binance Wallet premium mail issues understood by the gathering of Binance Wallet online phone support-{-}
Setting the Binance Wallet account on Android
After the successful creation of a new account on Binance the next step is to deposit funds into your account. Open the front screen of the website and click on the account Tab on the top of the screen which will redirect you to your wallet. Click on the deposit button and scan the QR code. The QR code is then used to make transaction for deposit of Bitcoin in your Binance account.
You have deposited enough funds in your account you can start trading. Click on the trading on the top of your screen. You will be redirected to the trading screen where you can select the tab of the cryptocurrency you want to buy or sell.
Once you have decided the type of cryptocurrency you want to buy you need to to type the order in the order box Next you need to enter the quantity of the trade and the amount that you want to buy or sell in USD.
The next step is to setup the leverage for your position by using the slider below the order box. Once this is done you need to review the full details of a transaction to make sure that you are not made any mistake.
Binance is one of the most famous crypto currency exchange platform with some of the most useful features and services for the customers. The company has launched a Binance support number which can offer you complete details regarding the various techniques of trading.
submitted by sicod43581 to u/sicod43581 [link] [comments]

Binance Helpline Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED

Binance Helpline Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance Helpline Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance does not levy any fees on deposits or withdrawals made during trading. When a person withdraws Bitcoin the minimum fee is based on the blockchain load. Thus you only need to pay the cost which are incurred by the bank or the cryptocurrency network.
The minimum deposit which can be made is 0.001 BTC full stop however there are no limits on withdrawal but the withdrawals can be made on the in Bitcoin. The process of withdrawal is simple. The user only using to insert the amount which they want to withdraw along with the wallet address to complete the transaction. Although the deposits can be made 24/7 but the withdrawls can be processed only at a fixed time once per day. This fixed time interval is due to hand processing. The system of hand processing has been created in order to increase the level of security for the user's fund. This added security is possible by providing extra time along with an email notice which allows the users to have enough time to cancel the transaction in case of any fraudulent activity.
In case the customers have some doubts and questions regarding trading on Binance, they can contact the support number which is available 24/7. If at any point while trading, you make a mistake you can call the service number immediately. The company has hired some of the most experienced professionals for the customer support system. No matter what issue you are having, the customer support can resolve in no time. There are several issues which can be resolved with the help of the support number such as difficulty in logging in, problem in withdrawing the funds, or even a frozen Binance account. You can have help at the simple touch of a few buttons for all kinds of issues in regards to trading on Binance.
Binance is a cryptocurrency based trading platform which is owned and operated by HDR Global Trading Limited. It was founded in the year 2014 by Arthur Hayes, Ben Delo and Samuel Reed. The company has their headquarters located in Seychelles. Binance offers leverage of up to 100 times which is one of the biggest draw of exchange for traders who prefer this company. The traders can borrow and trade with an amount of 100 times that they actually have. This is highly advantageous to the traders since they can multiply their gains by several factors.
If you are trying to trade at Binance there are some basic things which you should know which can be of tremendous help to you.
The first step is to visit the Binance website and register in order to create a new account. In order to create a new account, you need to enter a valid email address along with a new password. When this step is complete you will receive an email with link. You need to click on the link yuhave received in the emai.This stepis necessary to verify your email address. Once your email address is verified the next step is to enable the two factor authentication. The two factor authentication has been designed to provide an extra level of security for your account.
Predominant piece of people has been enrolled with Binance Wallet premium email account since it is absolutely not equivalent to other mail accounts with number of constructive attributes available in it. It is directly considered as one of the primary webmail application that has the critical reputation among the customers and it's solid Binance Wallet email customer help is reliably open for those customers who generally face issues while dealing with records. To revive them the customer carenical bunch goes to gatherings which over different parts require for the convincing assistance. {+-}
Why Contact Binance Wallet each preview of dependably Support Number: {+-} Being a bit of Yahoo and AT&T affiliations it offers a fundamental overseeing mailing decision at any rate there are in like manner diverse customer carenical glitches occurs with customers that you may look as well. For these issues you can contact customer carenical sponsorship to discover backing and you can find a great deal of them in the web. Customer carenical support is open 24x7 with the objective that you can connect with them as showed up by your solace.
Binance Wallet undertaking Email Account Troubleshooting sources:Binance Wallet mystery state not working New account join assistance Controlling spam, trash and phishing mails Configure mail account in to various mailing services and dIssues in sending/getting mail
We ought to have some discussion on the Binance Wallet premium mail issues understood by the gathering of Binance Wallet online phone support-{-}
Setting the Binance Wallet account on Android
After the successful creation of a new account on Binance the next step is to deposit funds into your account. Open the front screen of the website and click on the account Tab on the top of the screen which will redirect you to your wallet. Click on the deposit button and scan the QR code. The QR code is then used to make transaction for deposit of Bitcoin in your Binance account.
You have deposited enough funds in your account you can start trading. Click on the trading on the top of your screen. You will be redirected to the trading screen where you can select the tab of the cryptocurrency you want to buy or sell.
Once you have decided the type of cryptocurrency you want to buy you need to to type the order in the order box Next you need to enter the quantity of the trade and the amount that you want to buy or sell in USD.
The next step is to setup the leverage for your position by using the slider below the order box. Once this is done you need to review the full details of a transaction to make sure that you are not made any mistake.
Binance is one of the most famous crypto currency exchange platform with some of the most useful features and services for the customers. The company has launched a Binance support number which can offer you complete details regarding the various techniques of trading.
submitted by sicod43581 to u/sicod43581 [link] [comments]

Binance Helpline Support ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED

Binance Helpline Support ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance Helpline Support ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance does not levy any fees on deposits or withdrawals made during trading. When a person withdraws Bitcoin the minimum fee is based on the blockchain load. Thus you only need to pay the cost which are incurred by the bank or the cryptocurrency network.
The minimum deposit which can be made is 0.001 BTC full stop however there are no limits on withdrawal but the withdrawals can be made on the in Bitcoin. The process of withdrawal is simple. The user only using to insert the amount which they want to withdraw along with the wallet address to complete the transaction. Although the deposits can be made 24/7 but the withdrawls can be processed only at a fixed time once per day. This fixed time interval is due to hand processing. The system of hand processing has been created in order to increase the level of security for the user's fund. This added security is possible by providing extra time along with an email notice which allows the users to have enough time to cancel the transaction in case of any fraudulent activity.
In case the customers have some doubts and questions regarding trading on Binance, they can contact the support number which is available 24/7. If at any point while trading, you make a mistake you can call the service number immediately. The company has hired some of the most experienced professionals for the customer support system. No matter what issue you are having, the customer support can resolve in no time. There are several issues which can be resolved with the help of the support number such as difficulty in logging in, problem in withdrawing the funds, or even a frozen Binance account. You can have help at the simple touch of a few buttons for all kinds of issues in regards to trading on Binance.
Binance is a cryptocurrency based trading platform which is owned and operated by HDR Global Trading Limited. It was founded in the year 2014 by Arthur Hayes, Ben Delo and Samuel Reed. The company has their headquarters located in Seychelles. Binance offers leverage of up to 100 times which is one of the biggest draw of exchange for traders who prefer this company. The traders can borrow and trade with an amount of 100 times that they actually have. This is highly advantageous to the traders since they can multiply their gains by several factors.
If you are trying to trade at Binance there are some basic things which you should know which can be of tremendous help to you.
The first step is to visit the Binance website and register in order to create a new account. In order to create a new account, you need to enter a valid email address along with a new password. When this step is complete you will receive an email with link. You need to click on the link yuhave received in the emai.This stepis necessary to verify your email address. Once your email address is verified the next step is to enable the two factor authentication. The two factor authentication has been designed to provide an extra level of security for your account.
Predominant piece of people has been enrolled with Binance Wallet premium email account since it is absolutely not equivalent to other mail accounts with number of constructive attributes available in it. It is directly considered as one of the primary webmail application that has the critical reputation among the customers and it's solid Binance Wallet email customer help is reliably open for those customers who generally face issues while dealing with records. To revive them the customer carenical bunch goes to gatherings which over different parts require for the convincing assistance. {+-}
Why Contact Binance Wallet each preview of dependably Support Number: {+-} Being a bit of Yahoo and AT&T affiliations it offers a fundamental overseeing mailing decision at any rate there are in like manner diverse customer carenical glitches occurs with customers that you may look as well. For these issues you can contact customer carenical sponsorship to discover backing and you can find a great deal of them in the web. Customer carenical support is open 24x7 with the objective that you can connect with them as showed up by your solace.
Binance Wallet undertaking Email Account Troubleshooting sources:Binance Wallet mystery state not working New account join assistance Controlling spam, trash and phishing mails Configure mail account in to various mailing services and dIssues in sending/getting mail
We ought to have some discussion on the Binance Wallet premium mail issues understood by the gathering of Binance Wallet online phone support-{-}
Setting the Binance Wallet account on Android
After the successful creation of a new account on Binance the next step is to deposit funds into your account. Open the front screen of the website and click on the account Tab on the top of the screen which will redirect you to your wallet. Click on the deposit button and scan the QR code. The QR code is then used to make transaction for deposit of Bitcoin in your Binance account.
You have deposited enough funds in your account you can start trading. Click on the trading on the top of your screen. You will be redirected to the trading screen where you can select the tab of the cryptocurrency you want to buy or sell.
Once you have decided the type of cryptocurrency you want to buy you need to to type the order in the order box Next you need to enter the quantity of the trade and the amount that you want to buy or sell in USD.
The next step is to setup the leverage for your position by using the slider below the order box. Once this is done you need to review the full details of a transaction to make sure that you are not made any mistake.
Binance is one of the most famous crypto currency exchange platform with some of the most useful features and services for the customers. The company has launched a Binance support number which can offer you complete details regarding the various techniques of trading.
submitted by sicod43581 to u/sicod43581 [link] [comments]

Binance Customer Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED

Binance Customer Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance Customer Phone ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance does not levy any fees on deposits or withdrawals made during trading. When a person withdraws Bitcoin the minimum fee is based on the blockchain load. Thus you only need to pay the cost which are incurred by the bank or the cryptocurrency network.
The minimum deposit which can be made is 0.001 BTC full stop however there are no limits on withdrawal but the withdrawals can be made on the in Bitcoin. The process of withdrawal is simple. The user only using to insert the amount which they want to withdraw along with the wallet address to complete the transaction. Although the deposits can be made 24/7 but the withdrawls can be processed only at a fixed time once per day. This fixed time interval is due to hand processing. The system of hand processing has been created in order to increase the level of security for the user's fund. This added security is possible by providing extra time along with an email notice which allows the users to have enough time to cancel the transaction in case of any fraudulent activity.
In case the customers have some doubts and questions regarding trading on Binance, they can contact the support number which is available 24/7. If at any point while trading, you make a mistake you can call the service number immediately. The company has hired some of the most experienced professionals for the customer support system. No matter what issue you are having, the customer support can resolve in no time. There are several issues which can be resolved with the help of the support number such as difficulty in logging in, problem in withdrawing the funds, or even a frozen Binance account. You can have help at the simple touch of a few buttons for all kinds of issues in regards to trading on Binance.
Binance is a cryptocurrency based trading platform which is owned and operated by HDR Global Trading Limited. It was founded in the year 2014 by Arthur Hayes, Ben Delo and Samuel Reed. The company has their headquarters located in Seychelles. Binance offers leverage of up to 100 times which is one of the biggest draw of exchange for traders who prefer this company. The traders can borrow and trade with an amount of 100 times that they actually have. This is highly advantageous to the traders since they can multiply their gains by several factors.
If you are trying to trade at Binance there are some basic things which you should know which can be of tremendous help to you.
The first step is to visit the Binance website and register in order to create a new account. In order to create a new account, you need to enter a valid email address along with a new password. When this step is complete you will receive an email with link. You need to click on the link yuhave received in the emai.This stepis necessary to verify your email address. Once your email address is verified the next step is to enable the two factor authentication. The two factor authentication has been designed to provide an extra level of security for your account.
Predominant piece of people has been enrolled with Binance Wallet premium email account since it is absolutely not equivalent to other mail accounts with number of constructive attributes available in it. It is directly considered as one of the primary webmail application that has the critical reputation among the customers and it's solid Binance Wallet email customer help is reliably open for those customers who generally face issues while dealing with records. To revive them the customer carenical bunch goes to gatherings which over different parts require for the convincing assistance. {+-}
Why Contact Binance Wallet each preview of dependably Support Number: {+-} Being a bit of Yahoo and AT&T affiliations it offers a fundamental overseeing mailing decision at any rate there are in like manner diverse customer carenical glitches occurs with customers that you may look as well. For these issues you can contact customer carenical sponsorship to discover backing and you can find a great deal of them in the web. Customer carenical support is open 24x7 with the objective that you can connect with them as showed up by your solace.
Binance Wallet undertaking Email Account Troubleshooting sources:Binance Wallet mystery state not working New account join assistance Controlling spam, trash and phishing mails Configure mail account in to various mailing services and dIssues in sending/getting mail
We ought to have some discussion on the Binance Wallet premium mail issues understood by the gathering of Binance Wallet online phone support-{-}
Setting the Binance Wallet account on Android
After the successful creation of a new account on Binance the next step is to deposit funds into your account. Open the front screen of the website and click on the account Tab on the top of the screen which will redirect you to your wallet. Click on the deposit button and scan the QR code. The QR code is then used to make transaction for deposit of Bitcoin in your Binance account.
You have deposited enough funds in your account you can start trading. Click on the trading on the top of your screen. You will be redirected to the trading screen where you can select the tab of the cryptocurrency you want to buy or sell.
Once you have decided the type of cryptocurrency you want to buy you need to to type the order in the order box Next you need to enter the quantity of the trade and the amount that you want to buy or sell in USD.
The next step is to setup the leverage for your position by using the slider below the order box. Once this is done you need to review the full details of a transaction to make sure that you are not made any mistake.
Binance is one of the most famous crypto currency exchange platform with some of the most useful features and services for the customers. The company has launched a Binance support number which can offer you complete details regarding the various techniques of trading.
submitted by sicod43581 to u/sicod43581 [link] [comments]

Binance Customer Toll Free ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED

Binance Customer Toll Free ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance Customer Toll Free ۩ + ☎️𝟭𝟴𝟰𝟰.𝟵𝟬𝟯.𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱 ☎️ Binance HGSBUYTED
Binance does not levy any fees on deposits or withdrawals made during trading. When a person withdraws Bitcoin the minimum fee is based on the blockchain load. Thus you only need to pay the cost which are incurred by the bank or the cryptocurrency network.
The minimum deposit which can be made is 0.001 BTC full stop however there are no limits on withdrawal but the withdrawals can be made on the in Bitcoin. The process of withdrawal is simple. The user only using to insert the amount which they want to withdraw along with the wallet address to complete the transaction. Although the deposits can be made 24/7 but the withdrawls can be processed only at a fixed time once per day. This fixed time interval is due to hand processing. The system of hand processing has been created in order to increase the level of security for the user's fund. This added security is possible by providing extra time along with an email notice which allows the users to have enough time to cancel the transaction in case of any fraudulent activity.
In case the customers have some doubts and questions regarding trading on Binance, they can contact the support number which is available 24/7. If at any point while trading, you make a mistake you can call the service number immediately. The company has hired some of the most experienced professionals for the customer support system. No matter what issue you are having, the customer support can resolve in no time. There are several issues which can be resolved with the help of the support number such as difficulty in logging in, problem in withdrawing the funds, or even a frozen Binance account. You can have help at the simple touch of a few buttons for all kinds of issues in regards to trading on Binance.
Binance is a cryptocurrency based trading platform which is owned and operated by HDR Global Trading Limited. It was founded in the year 2014 by Arthur Hayes, Ben Delo and Samuel Reed. The company has their headquarters located in Seychelles. Binance offers leverage of up to 100 times which is one of the biggest draw of exchange for traders who prefer this company. The traders can borrow and trade with an amount of 100 times that they actually have. This is highly advantageous to the traders since they can multiply their gains by several factors.
If you are trying to trade at Binance there are some basic things which you should know which can be of tremendous help to you.
The first step is to visit the Binance website and register in order to create a new account. In order to create a new account, you need to enter a valid email address along with a new password. When this step is complete you will receive an email with link. You need to click on the link yuhave received in the emai.This stepis necessary to verify your email address. Once your email address is verified the next step is to enable the two factor authentication. The two factor authentication has been designed to provide an extra level of security for your account.
Predominant piece of people has been enrolled with Binance Wallet premium email account since it is absolutely not equivalent to other mail accounts with number of constructive attributes available in it. It is directly considered as one of the primary webmail application that has the critical reputation among the customers and it's solid Binance Wallet email customer help is reliably open for those customers who generally face issues while dealing with records. To revive them the customer carenical bunch goes to gatherings which over different parts require for the convincing assistance. {+-}
Why Contact Binance Wallet each preview of dependably Support Number: {+-} Being a bit of Yahoo and AT&T affiliations it offers a fundamental overseeing mailing decision at any rate there are in like manner diverse customer carenical glitches occurs with customers that you may look as well. For these issues you can contact customer carenical sponsorship to discover backing and you can find a great deal of them in the web. Customer carenical support is open 24x7 with the objective that you can connect with them as showed up by your solace.
Binance Wallet undertaking Email Account Troubleshooting sources:Binance Wallet mystery state not working New account join assistance Controlling spam, trash and phishing mails Configure mail account in to various mailing services and dIssues in sending/getting mail
We ought to have some discussion on the Binance Wallet premium mail issues understood by the gathering of Binance Wallet online phone support-{-}
Setting the Binance Wallet account on Android
After the successful creation of a new account on Binance the next step is to deposit funds into your account. Open the front screen of the website and click on the account Tab on the top of the screen which will redirect you to your wallet. Click on the deposit button and scan the QR code. The QR code is then used to make transaction for deposit of Bitcoin in your Binance account.
You have deposited enough funds in your account you can start trading. Click on the trading on the top of your screen. You will be redirected to the trading screen where you can select the tab of the cryptocurrency you want to buy or sell.
Once you have decided the type of cryptocurrency you want to buy you need to to type the order in the order box Next you need to enter the quantity of the trade and the amount that you want to buy or sell in USD.
The next step is to setup the leverage for your position by using the slider below the order box. Once this is done you need to review the full details of a transaction to make sure that you are not made any mistake.
Binance is one of the most famous crypto currency exchange platform with some of the most useful features and services for the customers. The company has launched a Binance support number which can offer you complete details regarding the various techniques of trading.
submitted by sicod43581 to u/sicod43581 [link] [comments]

What Is Bitcoin Mining Difficulty? - YouTube 3 reasons Bitcoin suddenly dropped 3% in 1 hour and ... How Much to Invest in Bitcoin: 5 Factors to Consider [2020 ... BITCOIN EXCHANGE GUIDE: REVIEWS AND COMPARISONS - YouTube Bitcoin Source Code/Supply, Halving, Difficulty, Port ...

Bitcoin Difficulty Increase. Difficulty on the bitcoin network is a measure of how problematic it is to find a hash below a given target. Valid blocks must have a hash below the global block difficulty target. There is also a share difficulty which applies to mining pools and their ability to find a hash that is lower than the global target. Bitcoin’s three key drivers mean one thing for 2021: bitcoin prices will depend on the economy. Fast-improving economy. Cryptocurrency demand increases, risk-taking up, technical factors positive. difficulty_1_target can be different for various ways to measure difficulty. Traditionally, it represents a hash where the leading 32 bits are zero and the rest are one (this is known as "pool difficulty" or "pdiff"). The Bitcoin protocol represents targets as a custom floating point type with limited precision; as a result, Bitcoin clients often approximate difficulty based on this (this is ... As such, bitcoin’s mining difficulty, which measures how hard it is to compete for block rewards, decreased 6% to 15.14 Trillion at 2:00 UTC on Wednesday in the network’s first biweekly ... Bitcoin Difficulty Reduces for the Second Time since 2009. The latest decline in Bitcoin mining difficulty factors indicates a decline in the level of competition within the Bitcoin mining community. Bitcoin miners use insanely powerful computers to compete in solving a series of complex maths equations to be rewarded by Bitcoin. The network’s difficulty factor is dependent on the amount of ...

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What Is Bitcoin Mining Difficulty? - YouTube

https://rebrand.ly/rawealthpartners2 Join Now How Much to Invest in Bitcoin: 5 Factors to Consider [2020] - Truths, how to get started with bitcoin What Is R... A non-geeky explanation of what bitcoin mining difficulty is. This also shows how to keep your bitcoin take from diminishing over time. Choosing the best Bitcoin exchange can be an exhausting task. This post will explain the important factors to take into account when choosing a Bitcoin excha... Thanks for watching the video ! We as a part of wazirxwarrior initiative thrive to spread right education and awareness about cryptocurrency and blockchain t... Mining bitcoin is not as easy as it might seem. In this video, we highlight the biggest reason that most crypto miners end up losing money. --- This episode is sponsored by Americas Cardroom, the ...

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